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PANIC and PHANTOMS

posted Jul 25, 2013, 1:07 PM by Kathryn Behling   [ updated Jul 30, 2013, 6:26 AM ]
For anyone who has ever taught Statistics, getting your students to remember all of the steps involved in confidence intervals and hypothesis testing is IMPOSSIBLE!  When I was doing my AP Calculus teacher institute at Davidson College, I met this awesome statistics teacher who shared these with me. 
 
For Confidence Intervals, always make your students PANIC:
P - state your parameter(s)
A - state and justify your assumptions
N - name your interval
I - find your interval
C - write a conclusion in context of the problem
 
For Hypothesis Testing, get your kids to follow PHANTOMS:
P - parameters
H - hypotheses
A - assumptions
N - name your test
T - find your test statistic
O - obtain your p-value
M - make a decision (reject or fail to reject)
S - state a conclusion in the context of the problem
 
I hope this helps you!  It certainly changed my 2's and 3's into 4's and 5's!!
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